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, (Hilbert) (23.1.1862, , ʸ, - 14.2.1943, ø), . ʸ , 1893-95 , 1895-1930 ø , 1933 , (1933) ø . , ø , ø 1- 20 . . ( . , . ) .

. , - : ) (1885-93), ) (1893-98), ) (1898-1902), ) (1900-06), ) (1900-10), ) (1908-09), ) (1910-22), ) (1922-39).

. 2- 19 . . . . . . . . . (. ) . . (1899) . 1922 . . , . . , , 1934 1939. . : , . . , ., . , . . . , . . -. . , . ., (1932-35), , - .

.: Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Bd 1-3, ., 1932-35; . . - , . - ., 1948; , ., 1947 (. . ); , 2 ., . - ., 1951 (. . -).

.: . , . . . , ., 1969; Weyl ., David Hilbert and his mathematical work, Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 1944, t. 50, p. 612-54; Reid C., Hilbert, ., 1970.

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